最全眼科常用中英文缩写(上)

中国眼科医生2019-01-10 15:02:49

A

abd┃abdominal 腹部的  

ABK┃aphakic bullous keratopathy无晶体性大泡性角膜病变 

abn┃abnormal异常 

ac┃before meals餐前  

AC┃anterior chamber前房  

ACC┃accommodation调节  

ACG┃angle-closure glaucoma闭角青光眼  

ACIOL┃anterior chamber intraocular lens前房型眼内晶体  

add┃adduction or reading additional power内收;阅读另加屈光力 

ad lib┃as desired当需要时 

adv┃advanced高度  

AIBSE┃acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement急性特发性盲点扩大综合征 

AIDS┃acquired immunodeficiency syndrome艾滋病  

AION┃arteritic ischemic optic neuropathy动脉缺血性视神经病变   

    ┃anterior ischemic optic neuropathy前部缺血性视神经病变 

AKS┃ankylosing spondylitis强直性脊椎炎 

AL┃argon laser氩激光  

ALPI┃argon laser peripheral iridoplasty氩激光周边虹膜成形术 

ALT┃argon laser trabeculoplasty氩激光小梁成形术 

AMA┃against medical advice违反医疗忠告 

ambl┃amblyopia弱视  

AMD┃age-related macular degeneration年龄相关性黄斑变性 

AMN┃acute macular neuroretinopathy急性黄斑神经视网膜病变  

AMPPE┃acute multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy 急性多病灶性盾鳞状色素上皮病变 

AMPPPE┃acute multifocal posterior placoid pigment epitheliopathy急性多病灶性后部盾鳞状色素上皮病变  

ANA┃antinuclear antibody抗核抗体 

ant┃anterior前  

APMPPE┃acute posterior multifocal placoid pigment epitheliopathy 急性后部多病灶性盾鳞状色素上皮病变  

AODM┃adult-onset diabetes mellitus成人(发病)型糖尿病 

AP┃anteroposterior前后  

APD┃afferent pupillary defect瞳孔传入缺陷 

approx┃approximately大约  

APTT┃activated partial thromboplastin time激活部分促凝血酶原激酶时间 

ARC┃anomalous retinal correspondence异常视网膜对应  

ARMD┃age-retinal pigment epitheliitis年龄相关性黄斑变性 

ARN┃acute retinal necrosis急性视网膜坏死  

ARPE┃acute retinal pegment epitheliitis急性视网膜色素上皮炎 

art┃artificial tears人工泪液 AS┃anterior synechia前粘连  

ASA┃aspirin(acetylsalicylic acid)阿司匹林 

ASAP┃as soon as possible尽快地  

ASC┃anterior subcapsular cataract前囊下白内障  

ASCVD┃atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease动脉硬化性心血管病 

ASHD┃atherosclerotic heart disease动脉硬化性心脏病 

astig┃astigmatism散光  

ATR┃against-the-rule(astigmatism)逆规性(散光)  

AU┃anterior uveitis前葡萄膜炎  

AVM┃arteriovenous malformation动静脉畸形  

A/V┃arteriolar/venous(ratio,nicking)小动脉/静脉(比,压痕)  

AZOOR┃acute zonal occult outer retinopathy急性区域性隐匿性外层视网膜病变 


B

Bas┃basophils嗜碱细胞 

BC┃base curve基底曲线  

BCC┃basal cell carcinoma基底细胞癌 

BCP┃birth control pill避孕丸  

BCR┃base curve radius基底弯曲半径  

BCVA┃best corrected visual acuity最佳矫正视力 

BD┃base down底向下  

BDR┃background diabetic retinopathy背景型糖尿病性视网膜病变 

BI┃base in底向内  

bid┃twice a day一日两次 

bilat┃bilateral两侧性  

BIO┃binocular indirect ophthalmoscope双眼间接检眼镜 

BK┃bullous keratopathy大泡性角膜病变 

bleph┃blepharitis睑缘炎 

BM┃basement membrane基底膜 

BO┃base out 底向外 

BP┃blood pressure血压  

BRAO┃branch retinal artery occlusion视网膜分枝动脉阻塞 

BRVO┃branch retinal vein occlusion视网膜分枝静脉阻塞 

BU┃base up底向上  

BUT┃break-up time泪膜破裂时间 

BVA┃best visual acuity最佳视力 

bx┃biopsy活检 


C

c┃with与 

c┃cornea角膜 

CA┃carcinoma癌  

CABG┃coronary artery bypass graft冠状动脉旁路移植 

CAD┃coronary artery disease冠状动脉病  

CAI┃carbonic anhydrase inhibitor碳酸酐酶抑制剂 

Cap ┃capsule胶囊 

CAR┃cancer-associated retinopathy癌相关性视网膜病变 

cat┃cataract白内障  

CAT┃computed axial tomography计算机体层摄影术 

CB┃ciliary body睫状体  

CBC┃complete blood count完全血细胞计数 

cc┃with correction矫正(视力) 

cc┃chief complaint主诉  

CCA┃common carotid artery颈总动脉  

CCT┃computer-assisted corneal topography角膜地形图仪 

C/D┃cup-to-disc ratio杯/盘比 

CF┃count fingers数指  

CFZ┃capillary-free zone无毛细血管地带 

C&F┃cells and flare细胞和光带(闪光) 

CHF┃congestive heart failure充血性心力衰竭 

CHI┃closed head injury闭合性头颅外伤  

CHRPE┃congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium先天性视网膜色素上皮肥厚 

CK┃conductive keratoplasty传导性角膜成形术 

CL┃contact lens,clear接触镜,透明 

CME┃cystoid macular edema囊样黄斑水肿 

cmv┃cytomegalovirus巨细胞病毒 

CN┃cranial nerve脑神经  

CNS┃central nervous system中枢神经系统  

CNV┃choroidal neovascularization脉络膜新生血管形成 

CNVM┃choroidal neovascular membrane脉络膜新生血管膜 

c/o┃complaining of主诉  

COAG┃chronic open-angle glaucoma慢开角青光眼 

cong┃congenital先天性 

conj┃conjunctiva结膜  

COP┃cicatricial ocular pemphigoid瘢痕性眼类天疱疮  

COPD┃chronic obstructive pulmonary disease慢性阻塞性肺病 

CP┃cerebral palsy大脑麻痹  

CPEO┃chronic progressive external ophthalmoplegia慢性进行性眼外肌麻痹 

CPR┃cardiopulmonary resuscitation心肺复苏术 

CR┃chorioretinal脉络膜视网膜  

CRAO┃central retinal artery occlusion视网膜中央动脉阻塞 

CRF┃chronic renal failure慢性肾衰竭  

CRT┃corneal refractive therapy角膜屈光矫正法  

CRVO┃central retinal vein occlusion视网膜中央静脉阻塞 

C&S┃culture and sensitivity培养和敏感性  

CSCR┃central serous chorioretinopathy中心性浆液性脉络膜视网膜病变 

CSF┃cerebrospinal fluid脑脊髓液  

CSME┃clinical significant macular edema临床意义性黄斑水肿 

CSR┃central serous retinopathy中心性浆液性视网膜病变 

csw┃corneoscleral wound角膜巩膜创伤  

CT┃cover test遮盖试验

  ┃computed tomography计算机体层摄影 

CT scan┃computed tomographic scan计算机体层扫描 

CV┃color vision色觉  

CVA┃cerebrovascular accident脑中风 

CVD┃cardiovascular disease 心血管病 

CWS┃cotton-wool spot棉絮斑 

Cx┃culture(微生物)培养  

CXR┃chest x-ray film胸部X光片 

cyl┃cylinder柱镜 


D

d┃days天  

D┃diopter or diameter屈光度或直径 

D/C┃discontinue停止  

D&C┃deep and clear(前房)深而透明 

DD┃disc diameter视盘直径  

DDx┃differential diagnosis鉴别诊断  

DFE┃dilated fundus examination扩瞳检查眼底  

D&I┃ dilation and irrigation(泪道)扩张和灌洗 

DHD┃dissociated horizontal deviation分离性水平偏斜 

dia┃diameter直径 disp┃dispense配药  

DM┃diabetes mellitus糖尿病  

DR┃diabetic retinopathy糖尿病视网膜病变 

DV┃distance vision远距离视力  

DVA┃distance vision acuity远距离视力  

DVD┃dissociated vertical deviation分离性垂直偏离 

DW┃daily wear每日戴(接触镜) 

Dx┃diagnosis诊断 

DX┃Diamox醋氮酰胺  


E

E┃esophoria at far内隐斜(视远) 

E’ ┃esophoria at near内隐斜(视近) 

ECA┃external carotid artery颈外动脉  

ECCE┃extracapsular cataract extraction白内障囊外摘除术  

EDTA┃ethylene dianline tetraacctic acid乙烯dianline tetraacctic酸 

EEG┃electroencephalogram脑电图 

EF┃eccentric fixation离心注视  

EKC┃epidemic keratoconjunctivitis流行性角结膜炎 

EKGorECG┃electrocardiogram心电图  

ELISA┃enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay酶连结免疫吸收测定 

EMM┃epimacular membrane黄斑表面膜 

endo┃endothelium内皮细胞 

ENT┃ear,nose,throat耳鼻喉 

EOG┃electro-oculogram眼电图

EOM┃extraocular muscles眼外肌 

eos┃eosinophil嗜酸型细胞 

epi┃epithelium上皮细胞 

ER┃emergency room急诊室  

ERG┃electroretinogram视网膜电图 

ERM┃epiretinal membrane视网膜表面膜 

ESR┃erythrocyte sedimentation rate血沉 

ET┃esotropia at far内斜视(视远) 

ET’ ┃esotropia at near内隐斜(视近)  

E(T)orIET┃intermittent esotropia at far间歇性内隐斜(视近)  

E(T)’orIET’┃ intermittent esotropia at near间歇性内隐斜(视远)

ETOH┃ethyl alcohol乙醇,酒精  

EUA ┃examination under anesthesia全麻下检查 

EW┃extended wear长期戴用(接触镜)  

EXT┃external ocular examination外眼检查 

exoph┃exophthalmos眼球突出  


F

FA┃fluorescein angiography荧光素血管造影 

FAZ┃fluorescein angiography中心凹无血管地带 

FB┃foreign body异物  

FBS┃fasting blood sugar空腹血糖 

FC┃finger count数指  

FFA┃fundus fluorescein angiography荧光素眼底血管造影 

FHorFHx┃family history家族史 

fl┃fluorescein荧光素  

FMHx┃family medical history家族病史 

FML┃fluorometholone弗米隆  

FOHx┃family ocular history家族眼病史 

FR┃foveal reflex中心凹反光  

FROM┃full range of motion运动范围完整  

FTA-ABS┃fluorescent treponemal antibody absorption test荧光密螺旋体抗体吸收试验 

FTMH┃full-thickness macular hole黄斑全层裂孔 

f/u┃follow-up随访  


G

GC┃gonorrhea or gonococcus淋病或淋菌 

GCA┃giant cell arteritis巨细胞性动脉炎 

gent┃gentamicin庆大霉素 

GI┃gastrointestine胃肠  

GLC┃glaucoma,glucose青光眼,葡萄糖 

Gonio┃gonioscopy前房角镜检查  

GPC┃giant papillary conjunctivitis巨乳头性结膜炎 

gr┃grain 谷(=0.065克)  

gt or gtt┃drop(Plural,gtt)滴(复数,gtt) 

GTT┃glucose tolerance test葡萄糖耐量试验 

GVF┃Goldmann visual field Goldmann视野 


H

H or hr(hrs) ┃hour小时 

HA┃headache头痛  

Hb,Hgb┃hemoglobin血红蛋白  

HCL┃hard contact lens硬性接触镜 

Hct┃hematocrit血细胞比容  

HCTZ┃hydrocholorothiazide呋塞米(双氢克尿塞) 

hem┃hemorrhage出血  

HIV┃human immunodeficiency virus人类免疫缺陷病毒  

HLA┃histocompatibility locus antigen or human leukocyte antigen组织相容性基因位点抗原或人类白细胞抗原 

h/o┃history of历史 HM┃hand motion手动  

H&P┃history and physical病史和体格 

hs┃at bedtime在就寝时间  

HSK┃herpes simplex keratitis单纯疱疹性角膜炎 

HSV┃herpes simplex virus单纯疱疹病毒 

HT┃hypertropia at far上斜视(远距离) 

HT’ ┃hypertropia at near上斜视(近距离) 

HTN┃hypertension高血压  

HVF┃Humphrey visual field Humphrey视野 

Hx┃history历史  

HZO┃herpes zoster ophthalmicus眼带状疱疹 


I

I┃iris虹膜  

I&A┃irrigation and aspiration灌注和抽吸 

IBx┃incisional biopsy切口性活检 

IC┃iridocyclitis虹膜睫状体炎  

ICA┃internal carotid artery颈内动脉  

ICCE┃intracapsular cataract extraction白内障囊内摘除术 

ICE┃inidocorneal endothelial syndrome虹膜角膜内皮综合征 

ICG┃indocyanine green吲哚青绿 

ICP┃intracranial pressure颅内压 

ICU┃intensive care unit监护病房  

I&D┃incision and drainage切开引流术  

IDDM┃insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus胰岛素依赖糖尿病 

IDU┃idoxuridine疱疹净  

IFIOL┃iris-fixated intraocular lens虹膜固定眼内晶体 

Ig┃immunoglobulin免疫球蛋白  

IK┃interstitial keratitis基质性角膜炎 

Im┃intramuscular肌内 

Imp┃impression印象 

inf┃inferior下 

inj┃injection注射  

INO┃internuclear ophthalmoplegia核间眼肌麻痹 

INQ┃inferonasal quadrant鼻下象限 

int┃intermittent间歇性 

IOFB┃intraocular forergn body眼内异物 

IOH┃intraocular hemorrhage眼内出血  

IOL┃intraocular lens眼内晶状体,人工晶体  

ION┃ischemic optic neuropathy缺血性视神经病变 

IOP┃intraocular pressure眼压 

IR┃infrared红外线  

IRMA┃intraretinal microvascular abnormality视网膜内微血管异常 

ITQ┃inferotemporal quadrant颞下象限  

iu┃international unit or intermediate uveitis国际单位或中间葡萄膜炎 

IV┃intravenous静脉内  


J

JCT┃Juxtacanalicular Tissue管旁组织  

JODM┃juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus青少年型糖尿病 

JRA┃juvenile rheumatoid arthritis少年类风湿性关节炎 


K

K┃cornea or potassium角膜或钾  

KCS┃keratoconjunctivitis sicca干燥性角膜结膜炎 

kg┃kilogram公斤  

KP┃keratic precipiate角膜后沉着物 


L

L┃left or lens左或晶状体 

lab┃laboratory试验室 

lac┃lacrimal泪  

LASEK┃laser subepithelial keratomileusis激光上皮下角膜磨削术

LASIK┃laser in situ keratomileusis激光原位角膜磨削术 

LCG┃light contrast glare光对比炫耀  

LCTP┃lateral canthal tendon plication外眦腱折叠术  

LI┃laser iridotomy or laser interferometry激光虹膜切开术或激光干涉仪 

LK,LKP┃lamellar keratoplasty板层角膜移植术 

LIO┃left inferior oblique左眼下斜肌 

LIR┃left inferior rectus左眼下直肌  

LL┃lower lid or lids and lashes下睑或眼睑和睫毛 

LLR┃left lateral rectus左眼外直肌 

LMR┃left medial rectus左眼内直肌 

LN┃lymph node淋巴结  

LP┃light perception,light projection,or lumber puncture光感,光定位,或腰椎穿刺 

LPI┃laser peripheral iridoplasty激光周边虹膜成形术 LS┃lid scrubs睑缘擦洗(治疗睑缘炎)  

LSO┃laser scanner ophthalmolscope激光扫描检眼镜 LSO┃left superior oblique左眼上斜肌 

LSR┃left superior rectus左眼上直肌 LTP┃laser trabeculoplasy激光小梁成形术 

LTQ┃lower temporal quadrant颞下象限 LVA┃low vision aids低视力辅助  

lymph┃lymphocytes or lymphatic淋巴细胞或淋巴 


M

mac┃macular黄斑  

mand┃mandibular下颌骨 

MAR┃melanoma-associated retinopathy黑色素相关的视网膜病变 

max┃maximum or maxillary最大值或上颌骨  

MCH┃mean corpuscular hemoglobin 平均血细胞血红蛋白  

MCHC┃mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration平均血细胞血红蛋白浓度 

MCV┃mean corpuscular volume平均血细胞体积 

ME┃macular edema黄斑水肿 

MEDs┃medications药物治疗  

mERG┃multifocal ERG多区域(多焦)视网膜电图 

mfERG┃multifocal ERG多区域(多焦)视网膜电图  

MEWDS┃multiple evanescent white dot syndrome多数消散性白点综合征 

MFC┃multifocal choroiditis多病灶性脉络膜炎 

M.G. ┃Marcus Gunn瞳孔传入缺陷 

MHx┃medical history病史  

MI┃myocardial infarction心肌梗塞 

min┃minute or minimum分钟或最小量 

ml┃milliliter毫升  

mmHg┃millimeters of mercury毫米汞柱 

M&N┃Mydriacyl(tropicamide)and Neo-synephrine(phenylephrine) 两种最常用的扩瞳剂:托庇卡按及新福林  

mon┃monocytes单核细胞  

MR┃manifest refraction显性验光

      ┃magnetic resonance磁共振 

MRA┃magnetic resonance angiography磁共振血管造影术 

MRD┃上睑缘至角膜中心反光点的距离  

MRI┃magnetic resonance imaging磁共振成像术 

MS┃multiple sclerosis多发性硬化  

MVA┃motor vehicle accident交通工具意外事故(车祸) 


N

N/A┃not applicable不适用  

NAG┃narrow-angle glaucoma窄角型青光眼  

NAION┃nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy非动脉缺血性视神经病变 

NAP┃no apparent pathology无明显病理学 

NCT┃noncontact tonometer非接触眼压计 

neg┃negative隐性  

NFL┃nerve fiber layer神经纤维层  

NFLD┃nerve fiber layer defect神经纤维层缺陷 

NG┃nongranulomatous非肉芽肿性 

NI┃no improvement无进步  

NIDDM┃non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus非胰岛素依赖型糖尿病 

NION┃Nonarteritic ischemic optic neuropathy非动脉缺血性视神经病变 

NKA┃no known allergies无已知的过敏反应 

nl┃normal正常  

NLP┃no light perception无光感  

Non repet┃not to be repeated(refilled)不重复(再次发药) 

NPA┃near point of accommodation调节近点 

NPC┃near point of convergence集合近点 

NPDR┃non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy非增生性糖尿病视网膜病变 

NR┃no refill不能再次发药  

NRC┃normal retinal correspondence正常视网膜对应 

NS┃nuclear sclerosis核性白内障(核硬化) 

NSA┃no significant abnormalities无重要异常  

NSAID┃no steroidal anti-inflammatory drug非类固醇消炎药 

NTG┃normal tension glaucoma正常眼压性青光眼  

NV┃near vision or neovascularization近视力或新生血管形成 

NV┃neovascularization新生血管形成 

N/V┃nausea and vomiting恶心和呕吐 

NVA┃Near visual acuity近视力  

NVD┃neovascularization of disc视盘新生血管形成  

NVE┃neovascularization of retina elsewhere视网膜新生血管形成 

NVG┃neovascular glaucoma新生血管性青光眼  

NVI┃neovascularization of the iris虹膜新生血管形成 




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