The City of God, Someplace Is Forgotten上帝之城里,被上帝遗忘的角落

GlobalDoctor2018-10-17 08:41:17

lep

R

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麻·风·病



World Leprosy Day is annually observed around the world on the last Sunday of January. The day was initiated in 1954 by French philanthropist and writer, Raoul Follereau, as a way to raise global awareness of this deadly ancient disease and call attention to the fact that it can be prevented, treated and cured.


自1954年起,1月的最后一个星期日被法国的慈善家/作家——弗雷罗定为世界防治麻风病日,旨在提高全球关注麻风病的意识,让人们明白麻风病是一种可治愈、可预防的疾病。



This is a sad story, about some people living with Leprosy…

这个故事让人悲伤,它关于一群被世界抛弃的麻风病患者······


In Rio de Janeiro, there is some people.

在巴西的里约热内卢,有这样一群人。

 


Leprosy is sometimes thought of as a disease which has long ago been cured but in many parts of the world people are living with it every day and around 200,000 new cases are reported every year.  


麻风是一种在很久以前就是可以治愈的疾病,但是在世界上的很多地方,依然还有人每日饱受麻风病的折磨,据报道,每年大约有二十万新增病例。



Curupaiti colony hospital in Rio de Janeiro is one such place. 

Only five miles from the stadium where they hosted the Olympics last year.


在巴西里约市的雅卡雷帕瓜区,

距离2016奥运会场馆不到5英里的地方

有一家名为Curupaiti 的医院。


There are lacking doctors, hygiene, clothes hangers and even proper rooms in Curupaiti Hospital.


那里缺少医生、卫生条件不够、没有晾晒衣物的地方,甚至没有适合麻风病患者居住的房间。


Curupaiti Hospital was built in 1929 to house people infected with leprosy. Up until the 1980s lepers were forbidden from leaving. Those who have stayed since then simply have nowhere else to go.


Curupaiti医院建于1929年,专门收治麻风病人,从20年代80年代起,政府就下达了麻风病患者不得离开医院的禁令,其实他们也只能呆在这里,因为他们没有地方可去。



Leprosy primarily affects the skin and the peripheral nerves. It may also strike the eyes and the thin tissue lining the inside of the nose. The main symptom is disfiguring skin sores, lumps, or bumps.


麻风病会影响患者的皮肤和周围神经,它可能会影响眼睛和鼻子的软组织,主要症状是皮肤表面会出现溃疡、肿块等不平整的形态。


A leprosy patient takes a shower at Curupaiti hospital. The nerve damage inherent in the disease can lead to loss of feeling in the arms and legs and muscle weakness.


Curupaiti医院的麻风病患者正在洗澡,神经的内在损伤会导致四肢的感觉失调和肌无力。


A leprosy patient in a wheelchair plays a mandolin at Curupaiti.


麻风病患者正在Curupaiti医院里弹曼陀林。


The hospital was built in 1929 and is really starting to show its age. Many of the residents have lived in the hospital since they were diagnosed with leprosy as children.

 

这家医院在1929年落成,早已呈现了岁月的沧桑。

这家医院的很多患者都是自孩童时期时,被诊断为麻风病后,就住在这里了。


A leprosy sufferer washes his stump in one of the wet rooms at the hospital.


麻风病患者正在一间潮湿的房间里清洗他的残肢。



Today, about 180,000 people worldwide are infected with leprosy, according to the World Health Organization, most of them in Africa and Asia. About 100 people are diagnosed with leprosy in the U.S. every year, mostly in the South, California, Hawaii, and some U.S. territories.


根据世卫组织的统计,时至今日,全球依然大约有18万人被麻风病感染,大多数集中在非洲和亚洲。在美国,每年大约有100人左右被诊断出患了麻风病,多集中在美国南部、加利福尼亚、夏威夷和美国边境地带。



What is leprosy?


什么是麻风?



Leprosy is a chronic bacterial disease of the skin and nerves in the hands and feet and, in some cases, the lining of the nose.


麻风是一种分布在手足皮肤和神经的慢性细菌性疾病,在某些病例中,致病细菌是分布在鼻子周围。


Who gets leprosy?


谁会患麻风?


Anyone can get leprosy, but children seem to be more susceptible than adults.


任何人都有可能患有麻风,但是孩子似乎比成年人更容易感染。


How is leprosy spread?


麻风如何传播的?


It is not clear how the leprosy germ is spread, but household and prolonged close contact is important. The germs probably enter the body through the nose and possibly through broken skin. The germs get in the air through nasal discharge of untreated lepromatous patients.


至今无法明了,麻风病毒是如何传播的,但是日常生活中,长期地亲密接触有着至关重要的影响。麻风病毒可以通过鼻腔和破损的皮肤进入身体,病毒还可以通过未经治疗的患者的鼻涕传播至空气。


What are the symptoms of leprosy?

麻风病的症状有哪些?

Tuberculoid leprosy symptoms are a few well-defined skin lesions that are numb. Lepromatous leprosy symptoms are a chronically stuffy nose and many skin lesions and nodules on both sides of the body.


结核样型麻风的症状表现为边缘清晰的皮损,同时伴随麻木感。结节型麻风症状表现为慢性鼻塞以及在身体两侧的大量皮损和囊肿。


How soon after exposure do symptoms appear? 

需要多久以后症状才爆发?


It usually takes about four years for tuberculoid leprosy symptoms to appear and about eight years for lepromatous leprosy symptoms to appear.


结核样型麻风病症状通常在4年后爆发,而结节型麻风症状通常在8年后爆发。


When and for how long is a person able to spread leprosy?

麻风病何时传播以及传播期有多长?


In most cases, a person will not infect others within a day of beginning treatment with multidrug therapy.


在多数情况下,病人在用药后、接受治疗的第一天起,就无法传播该疾病了。


What is the treatment for leprosy? 

怎样治疗麻风?


Patients with leprosy should be treated by a doctor who has experience with the disease. Treatment is with multiple drugs for six months to two years.


患者应该接受具备治疗麻风病经验的医生治疗,治疗方式通常是采用综合多种药物的方法,治疗期大概是6个月到2年。


How can leprosy be prevented? 

怎样预防麻风病?

The best way to prevent the spread of leprosy is the early diagnosis and treatment of people who are infected. For household contacts, immediate and annual examinations are recommended for at least five years after last contact with a person who is infectious.


对于已感染麻风病的患者来说,最好是在早期接受治疗。如果与麻风病患者有过日常接触,建议在接下来的至少5年内接受即时地、定期地检查。


部分文字和图片转载自:英国那些事儿

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